A cesarean section (C-section) involves making an incision in the abdomen through which a baby is born. There are many different maternal or fetal indications why a cesarean birth may be necessary. Sometimes a C-section may be planned ahead of time, and sometimes the decision to perform this procedure is made during labor. You may also request to have a cesarean delivery. However, this is a complex decision that should be carefully considered and discussed with your doctor.
Like any major surgery, cesarean birth involves risks. These problems occur in a small number of women and usually are easily treated: The uterus, nearby pelvic organs, or skin incision can get infected. You can lose blood, sometimes enough to require a blood transfusion. You can develop blood clots in the legs, pelvic organs, or lungs. Your bowel or bladder can be injured. You can have a reaction to the medications or types of anesthesia that are used. Women who undergo a C-section may spend a few more days in the hospital to recover than those who don't. Your doctor probably wants you to be as active as possible, but might temporarily restrict lifting activities